Sometimes it is very important to compare telescopes:

Just enter the values below and the calculator gives you a comparrison.

Heart of Man Web Pages

Description T Scope 1 T Scope 2 Compare
[1] Sagitta (S) mm
[2] Mirror Diameter (D) mm
[3] Length of the your Eyepiece mm
[4] Apparent field of the eyepiece deg
[5] Focal Length of the Telescope mm
[6] The Magnification x
[7] The Field of view Deg
[8] Diameter of exit pupil mm
[8] Surface brightness %


  1. ^ Sagitta:
    Spherical depth of curve at center of mirror.
  2. ^ Mirror Diameter (D):
    Optical diameter of mirror.
  3. ^ Length of the your Eyepiece:
    Eyepieces have focal lengths, too — 25- or 10-mm, for example.
  4. ^ Eyepiece Apparent Field (AF):
    Bigger is usually better (and more costly and heavier).
  5. ^ Focal Length:
    Every telescope has a stated focal length, which is effectively the distance from the primary lens or mirror to the point at which it forms an image of a very distant object.
  6. ^ Minimum Magnification (Mmin):
    Lower magnification "wastes" light that can't enter your eye.
    M = fo / fe or M = Do / Dep
  7. ^ Field of view:
    Aside from the focal length, each eyepiece has an apparent field of view, measured in degrees (°). This tells you the apparent width of sky, in angular terms, that is presented to your eye — eyepieces with larger apparent fields take in greater gulps of sky than smaller ones. Simpler eyepiece designs tend to have apparent fields of about 45° ; widefield designs may be 60° or more.
    What is sometimes more important to the user is the true field of view, which is obtained by dividing the apparent field by the magnification the eyepiece delivers. For example, consider a 10 mm-focal-length eyepiece of 50° apparent field in combination with a scope of 1,000 mm focal length. The magnification will be 100x (that is, 1,000/10) and the true field will be 50°/100x, or 0.5° — so the full Moon would just nestle within the field of view.
    FOVscope = FOVe / M
  8. ^ Diameter of the Exit Pupil:

    Dep = Do / M or Dep = fe / fR
  9. ^ Surface Brightness:
    As a persentage of Maximum Brightness.
    SB = 2 x Dep 2